Robolab Technologies Pvt. Ltd. | A Gripping Tale
A Gripping Tale 2007-11-01 - One of the keys to the advancement of robotics is the development of new and innovative grippers. Welcome to the future. Advancements in robotics are about doing more with less, and about copying human arm movements for maximum efficiency. But robots do more than human arms can – they lift more, faster and tirelessly. Greater flexibility, lighter weight materials, new technical advances in sensors, a finicky retail environment where purchasing managers are buying less but more variety (mixed palletizing), and a move into new industries like food processing (hygienic design) – these are some of the dominant trends in robotic gripper technology today. Ancient laws of geometry The laws of geometry have not changed since the Greek mathematician Euclid wrote them down in The Elements in 300 BC, and they remain the basis for how today’s robots and their grippers function. After all packaging is all about fitting something into a box, and geometric principles dictate how many can fit. But gripper technology has come a long way since the days of Euclid, with literally hundreds of different solutions for all imaginable industries. And in most industries, there is an increased pressure to come up with cost-saving alternatives to increase profitability. This is what is driving developments in robotics and gripper technology as automated tools for packaging and sorting find their way into new applications, or move upstream into production. “The human hand is the most flexible tool you could ever think of,” says Dr. Andreas Wolf of robomotion, a robot technology consultancy in Germany, and author of the definitive book Grippers in Motion. The book provides a comprehensive guide to automation processes involving gripping and manipulation. “But unfortunately, robotic hands with all their sensors, joints and flexibility tend to be very expensive, and not every process needs the flexibility of a human hand,” says Wolf. “At the moment most industrial manufacturing that uses robots tend to have a dedicated gripper for the task. “At the same time, the intelligent gripping systems and service robots that we have today are the early signs of a new, more flexible automation technology, which will be capable to auto-adapt to changing environments. Applications in the food processing industry, pharmaceuticals and agricultural production are not yet standard, but they do offer a growing market for automated solutions in the near future.” Sophisticated tools As an example of grippers that can adapt to their environment, researchers at New York University’s Courant Institute have developed a new kind of gripper they describe as reactive. It responds to stimuli from its sensors they way a hand would from nerves, and changes its grip accordingly. But in general, the size and shape of robotic grippers depend in great measure on what it is that they are intended to grip. There are grippers that stack, grip, suck, force-fit, or form-fit, single grip or multi-grip. Some are purely mechanical. Others use vacuum technology. And as consumer goods manufacturers are increasingly making products in every imaginable shape, material and size, the robotics have to become increasingly sophisticated. “Cycles are going faster and faster today,” says Peter Tell, PIAB’s Chief Technical Officer who invented the coax multistage vacuum cartridge ejector system that is particularly suited to object picking and palletizing. “Every manufacturing company wants to increase production at a lower cost. It is about doing more with less.” A well-known paint and coating manufacturer in the U.S. installed a coax system on one of its packaging robots and has improved its operation with higher line throughput at a lower cost. Replacing a manual case-palletizing process – an arduous and physically demanding task that required three shifts a day, seven days a week – the customer now has the flexibility to better meet the needs of big retailers that may request quick supply order changes from one type or color of paint to another, reported Packaging Digest in a recent issue. And then comes NASA. In September 2006, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center received R&D magazine’s annual R&D 100 award for developing what it calls “a conformal gripper.” This gripper was originally developed for lunar missions, and because it uses an array of pins that gently conform to any object’s shape, it basically renders obsolete the slew of operation-dedicated grippers that are on the market today. High tech space-born applications aside, what is really driving developments in automation is one of the rising trends of convenience foods, says Jörg Herrmann, from Germany’s gripper manufacturer Schunk. Demanding consumer market “The food and packaging industry is a growing market for us as people increasingly want more flexible packaging containing ready-made foods,” says Herrmann. “And the demographics are clear. There are more and more single households, which means that people are not buying two kilos of meat. What they buy instead e.g. is a single portion with meat, noodles and a vegetable. So the robots and gripping systems that pick, pack and palletize all this food have to be designed especially for the food industry. The hygienic design is a big trend for components that have direct contact with food,” says Herrmann. While palletizing and depalletizing is one of the primary tasks of robots in the packaging industry, what is happening more and more, says Volker Schnell from Schmalz, a German company which specializes in vacuum technology, is that customers need the possibility to have mixed pallets. “The market is asking for more complex handling applications like using robots to palletize different products in different layers under more complex circumstances,” says Schnell. “At the same time there are tremendous advancements in sensor technology, image processing for the gripper controls, and online condition monitoring of the robots and grippers.” A gripper snapshot Here’s a look at some innovative grippers and the companies who make them: Schunk and robomotion Two Germany-based companies, Schunk, which focuses on development, manufacturing and improvement of production methods, and robot technology specialist robomotion, have jointly developed a special hygienic gripper for the meat industry: the mechanical two-finger Angled Gripper Type LMG 64. The gripper features a hygienic design that is easy to clean and a payload of 10 kg and a gripping force 350 Newton. The gripper is sealed according to IP69 K standards, and can be used for FDA-approved materials. PIAB Sweden-based vacuum and measuring technique specialist PIAB has developed COAX, an advanced solution for creating vacuum with compressed air. COAX cartridges are smaller, more efficient and more reliable than conventional ejectors. This allows for the design of a flexible, modular vacuum system. COAX technology is ideal for machine integration in a variety of material handling applications for the packaging, automotive and graphic industries. J.Schmalz German company Schmalz is another leading company in the area of vacuum handling technology. For the packaging industry, Schmalz has large-area vacuum grippers, the FX/FXC, with an innovative valve concept that is energy efficient even with short cycle times. The grippers are suitable for use in a range of applications, including automated palletizing, depalletizing, commissioning and sorting of many different types of goods in various sizes with only a single gripper. The gripper also is designed for handling of workpieces made of many different materials, such as cardboard, wood, sheet metal (dry) and plastic, with or without apertures. Source http://www.abb.com/cawp/seitp202/44038416ff2d8490c12573310038cab8.aspx TnC: http://new.abb.com/provider-information ABB
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College of Engineering BMSCOE, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Lakshmi Niwas Mittal Institute of Information Technology LNMIIT, Rajasthan, Indian Military, Banasthali University, Vanasthali, Rajasthan, MITCON International School, Pune, Maharashtra, Staff Development schemes, Institutional Development schemes, Research & Innovation Development schemes, General Schemes, PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJNA (PMKVY), SAANSAD AADARSH GRAM YOJNA, EMERITUS PROFESSOR (DISTINGUISHED PRACTICING ENGINEER) FELLOWSHIP, SHORT TERM TRAINING PROGRAMME (STTP), TECHNICAL BOOK WRITING & TRANSLATION, AICTE – ISTE ORIENTATION/ REFRESHER PROGRAMME, AICTE-INAE-DVP, SCHEME OF TRAVEL GRANTS (TG), TRAINEE TEACHER SCHEME, ADJUNCT FACULTY, FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (FDP), QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME, INAE (TRF) INDIAN NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGG. (TEACHERS RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP), SEMINAR GRANT (SG), SHARE AND MENTOR INSTITUTIONS (MARGDARSHAN), UNNAT BHARAT ABHIYAN, MODERNISATION AND REMOVAL OF OBSOLESCENCE (MODROBS), SKILL AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME CENTRE FOR SC/ST STUDENTS, SPECIAL SCHEME FOR NORTH EASTERN STATES, RESEARCH PROMOTION SCHEME (RPS), ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT CELL (EDC), E- SHODH SINDHU, GRANT FOR ORGANISING CONFERENCE, Vision Group on Science and Technology (VGST), Centers of Excellence in Science, Engineering and Medicine (CESEM), Centers of Innovative Science, Engineering and Education (CISEE), Karnataka Fund for Infrastructure Strengthening in Science & Technology (K-FIST), Seed Money to Young Scientists for Research (SMYSR), Research Fund for Talented Teachers (RFTT), Award for Research Publications (ARP), Faculty Development Programme for Engineering College (FDP-Engg.), TEQIP III, Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme, Atal Innovation Mission AIM, Atal Tinkering Lab ATL, NITI Aayog, Robolab Technologies Private Limited RTPL, Startup from College of Engineering Pune COEP, Startup incubated under Bhau Institute of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Leadership BIEL, Pioneers in Robotics and Automation and STEM Education for the Education Sector, One of the most trusted companies for Robotics and Automation, One of the most progressive Edtech companies for Robotics and Automation, Best at extracting the desired outcomes from the Center of Excellences and Tinkering Labs, Robotics, Automation, Internet of Things IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Industrial Automation, Rapid Prototyping, ATAL TINKERING LABS, ATL, Research and Development Consulting, Robotics Product Development, Center of Excellence in Robotics, Center of Excellence in Automation, Center of Excellence in Internet of Things IoT, Center of Excellence in Industrial Automation, Center of Excellence in Rapid Prototyping, Center of Excellence in Machine Learning, Center of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence, JCBian: The Pneumatics Back Hoe Loader,, FLEXO- The Robot Hand,, MARSian- Mars Exploraion Robot,, Optimus- The Flying Quadcopter,, Omibo- Omni wheeled robot, Firo- Fire Extinguisher Robot,, Quadrotor- Optimus,, Miniature Industrial Production System (MIPS), Roboman, Atal Tinkering Labs establishment, Innovation Labs establishment, Product Innovation Labs establishment, Robotics and Automation Labs establishment, Internet of things laboratory establishment, Rapid prototyping establishment, Industrial Automation establishment, control systems establishment, DIGITAL LAB establishment, EMBEDDED LAB establishment, PLC LAB establishment, MICROPROCESSOR LAB establishment, ROBOTICS LAB establishment, WIRELESS LAB establishment, SENSOR AND MECHATRONICS LAB establishment, COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING LAB establishment, Artificial Intelligence Lab establishment, Basic Robotics Lab establishment, Advaced Robotics Lab establishment, Industrial Robotics Lab establishment, Customised Robotics Lab establishment, Pneumatics Lab establishment, Vacuum Lab establishment, Atal Tinkering Labs setup, Innovation Labs setup, Product Innovation Labs setup, Robotics and Automation Labs setup, Internet of things laboratory setup, Rapid prototyping setup, Industrial Automation setup, control systems setup, DIGITAL LAB setup, EMBEDDED LAB setup, PLC LAB setup, MICROPROCESSOR LAB setup, ROBOTICS LAB setup, WIRELESS LAB setup, SENSOR AND MECHATRONICS LAB setup, COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING LAB setup, Artificial Intelligence Lab setup, Basic Robotics Lab setup, Advaced Robotics Lab setup, Industrial Robotics Lab setup, Customised Robotics Lab setup, Pneumatics Lab setup, Vacuum Lab setup, Robotics labs for schools in india, Tinkering labs for schools in india, Innvation labs for schools in india, Robotics labs for engineering college in india, Tinkering labs for engineering college in india, Innvation labs for engineering college in india, Robotics labs for university in india, Tinkering labs for university in india, Innvation labs for university in india, Robotics labs for incubation centers in india, Tinkering labs for incubation centers in india, Innvation labs for incubation centers in india, Hands on Education, STEM, Robotics, Embedded Training, Chosen for the Startup India initiative which was launched by our Honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi Ji. (DIPP3006), Best ICT Start-Up in India by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India, ASSOCHAM and ERICSSON, Best Startup award for contribution in the field of Artificial Intelligence Innovation Domain in Education and Industry by MITSOT, ITU, The IET, StartUp of the Year Under Future Education category at World StartUp Expo 2016 , Bengaluru, Winner of the HOT100 Startup Award by CORE, Top50 Ed-Startups in India that will redefine the education system by SCOONEWS media, Top25 Tech Companies in India by Insights Success Media, Best startup you can work for in the year 2017 by The Economic Times, Top Innovators in India who changed the Startup world by Insights Success Media, Most Innovative Company in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Space amongst Indian Startups by Insights Success Media, Best Robotics Company in India for Education Sector, Best STEM Company in India for Education Sector, Best STEAM Company in India for Education Sector, Best Automation Company in India for Education Sector, Best Artificial Intelligence Company in India for Education Sector, Best Machine Learning Company in India for Education Sector, Best Rapid Prototyping Company in India for Education Sector, Best Research and Development Company in India for Education Sector, Best Engineering Company in India for Education Sector, Most Innovative Engineering Company in India for Education Sector, Most progressive company in India for Education Sector, Best ICT Company in India for Education Sector, Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, Telangana, Amritsar College Of Engineering and Technology, Amritsar, Punjab, Sphoorthy Engineering College, Hyderabad, Telangana, Nowrosejee Wadia College, Pune, Maharashtra, Aarati Computers and Shriram Computers, Kolhapur, Delhi Public School, Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand, Sunderdeep Group of Institutions, Ghaziabad, MLR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, MVJ College of Engineering, Bangalore, Military College Of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering, Hyderabad, Telangana, K.R. Mangalam University, Gurgaon, Shree L.R. Tiwari COE&T, Mumbai, Maharashtra, College Of Engineering Pune(COEP), Pune, Maharashtra, Bal Shikshan Mandir English Medium School,Pune, Maharashtra, CMR National Public School, Bengaluru, Karnataka, M.B.M. Engineering College,Jodhpur, Rajasthan, Rani Laxmibai Mulinchi Sainiki Shala, RLMSS, Pune, Maharashtra, Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, PCCOE, Pune, Maharashtra, Pune Vidhyarthi Griha's College of Engineering and Technology PVGCOET, Pune, Maharashtra, Army Institute of Technology AIT, Pune, Maharashtra, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology VIT Pune, Maharashtra, Walchand College of Engineering WCE, Sangli, Maharashtra, B.M.S. College of Engineering BMSCOE, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Lakshmi Niwas Mittal Institute of Information Technology LNMIIT, Rajasthan, Indian Military, Banasthali University, Vanasthali, Rajasthan, MITCON International School, Pune, Maharashtra, Staff Development schemes, Institutional Development schemes, Research & Innovation Development schemes, General Schemes, PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJNA (PMKVY), SAANSAD AADARSH GRAM YOJNA, EMERITUS PROFESSOR (DISTINGUISHED PRACTICING ENGINEER) FELLOWSHIP, SHORT TERM TRAINING PROGRAMME (STTP), TECHNICAL BOOK WRITING & TRANSLATION, AICTE – ISTE ORIENTATION/ REFRESHER PROGRAMME, AICTE-INAE-DVP, SCHEME OF TRAVEL GRANTS (TG), TRAINEE TEACHER SCHEME, ADJUNCT FACULTY, FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (FDP), QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME, INAE (TRF) INDIAN NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGG. (TEACHERS RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP), SEMINAR GRANT (SG), SHARE AND MENTOR INSTITUTIONS (MARGDARSHAN), UNNAT BHARAT ABHIYAN, MODERNISATION AND REMOVAL OF OBSOLESCENCE (MODROBS), SKILL AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME CENTRE FOR SC/ST STUDENTS, SPECIAL SCHEME FOR NORTH EASTERN STATES, RESEARCH PROMOTION SCHEME (RPS), ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT CELL (EDC), E- SHODH SINDHU, GRANT FOR ORGANISING CONFERENCE, Vision Group on Science and Technology (VGST), Centers of Excellence in Science, Engineering and Medicine (CESEM), Centers of Innovative Science, Engineering and Education (CISEE), Karnataka Fund for Infrastructure Strengthening in Science & Technology (K-FIST), Seed Money to Young Scientists for Research (SMYSR), Research Fund for Talented Teachers (RFTT), Award for Research Publications (ARP), Faculty Development Programme for Engineering College (FDP-Engg.), TEQIP III, Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme, Atal Innovation Mission AIM, Atal Tinkering Lab ATL, NITI Aayog, Robolab Technologies Private Limited RTPL, Startup from College of Engineering Pune COEP, Startup incubated under Bhau Institute of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Leadership BIEL, Pioneers in Robotics and Automation and STEM Education for the Education Sector, One of the most trusted companies for Robotics and Automation, One of the most progressive Edtech companies for Robotics and Automation, Best at extracting the desired outcomes from the Center of Excellences and Tinkering Labs,
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A Gripping Tale

2007-11-01: One of the keys to the advancement of robotics is the development of new and innovative grippers. Welcome to the future. Advancements in robotics are about doing more with less, and about copying human arm movements for maximum efficiency. But robots do more than human arms can – they lift more, faster and tirelessly. Greater flexibility, lighter weight materials, new technical advances in sensors, a finicky retail environment where purchasing managers are buying less but more variety (mixed palletizing), and a move into new industries like food processing (hygienic design) – these are some of the dominant trends in robotic gripper technology today.

 

Ancient laws of geometry

The laws of geometry have not changed since the Greek mathematician Euclid wrote them down in The Elements in 300 BC, and they remain the basis for how today’s robots and their grippers function. After all packaging is all about fitting something into a box, and geometric principles dictate how many can fit.

 

But gripper technology has come a long way since the days of Euclid, with literally hundreds of different solutions for all imaginable industries. And in most industries, there is an increased pressure to come up with cost-saving alternatives to increase profitability.

 

This is what is driving developments in robotics and gripper technology as automated tools for packaging and sorting find their way into new applications, or move upstream into production.

 

“The human hand is the most flexible tool you could ever think of,” says Dr. Andreas Wolf of robomotion, a robot technology consultancy in Germany, and author of the definitive book Grippers in Motion. The book provides a comprehensive guide to automation processes involving gripping and manipulation.

 

“But unfortunately, robotic hands with all their sensors, joints and flexibility tend to be very expensive, and not every process needs the flexibility of a human hand,” says Wolf. “At the moment most industrial manufacturing that uses robots tend to have a dedicated gripper for the task.

 

“At the same time, the intelligent gripping systems and service robots that we have today are the early signs of a new, more flexible automation technology, which will be capable to auto-adapt to changing environments. Applications in the food processing industry, pharmaceuticals and agricultural production are not yet standard, but they do offer a growing market for automated solutions in the near future.”

 

Sophisticated tools

As an example of grippers that can adapt to their environment, researchers at New York University’s Courant Institute have developed a new kind of gripper they describe as reactive. It responds to stimuli from its sensors they way a hand would from nerves, and changes its grip accordingly.

 

But in general, the size and shape of robotic grippers depend in great measure on what it is that they are intended to grip. There are grippers that stack, grip, suck, force-fit, or form-fit, single grip or multi-grip. Some are purely mechanical. Others use vacuum technology.

 

And as consumer goods manufacturers are increasingly making products in every imaginable shape, material and size, the robotics have to become increasingly sophisticated.

 

“Cycles are going faster and faster today,” says Peter Tell, PIAB’s Chief Technical Officer who invented the coax multistage vacuum cartridge ejector system that is particularly suited to object picking and palletizing. “Every manufacturing company wants to increase production at a lower cost. It is about doing more with less.”

 

A well-known paint and coating manufacturer in the U.S. installed a coax system on one of its packaging robots and has improved its operation with higher line throughput at a lower cost.,/p>

 

Replacing a manual case-palletizing process – an arduous and physically demanding task that required three shifts a day, seven days a week – the customer now has the flexibility to better meet the needs of big retailers that may request quick supply order changes from one type or color of paint to another, reported Packaging Digest in a recent issue.

 

And then comes NASA. In September 2006, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center received R&D magazine’s annual R&D 100 award for developing what it calls “a conformal gripper.” This gripper was originally developed for lunar missions, and because it uses an array of pins that gently conform to any object’s shape, it basically renders obsolete the slew of operation-dedicated grippers that are on the market today.

 

High tech space-born applications aside, what is really driving developments in automation is one of the rising trends of convenience foods, says Jörg Herrmann, from Germany’s gripper manufacturer Schunk.

 

Demanding consumer market

“The food and packaging industry is a growing market for us as people increasingly want more flexible packaging containing ready-made foods,” says Herrmann. “And the demographics are clear.

 

There are more and more single households, which means that people are not buying two kilos of meat. What they buy instead e.g. is a single portion with meat, noodles and a vegetable. So the robots and gripping systems that pick, pack and palletize all this food have to be designed especially for the food industry.

 

The hygienic design is a big trend for components that have direct contact with food,” says Herrmann. While palletizing and depalletizing is one of the primary tasks of robots in the packaging industry, what is happening more and more, says Volker Schnell from Schmalz, a German company which specializes in vacuum technology, is that customers need the possibility to have mixed pallets.

 

“The market is asking for more complex handling applications like using robots to palletize different products in different layers under more complex circumstances,” says Schnell. “At the same time there are tremendous advancements in sensor technology, image processing for the gripper controls, and online condition monitoring of the robots and grippers.”

 

A gripper snapshot
Here’s a look at some innovative grippers and the companies who make them:

 

Schunk and robomotion

Two Germany-based companies, Schunk, which focuses on development, manufacturing and improvement of production methods, and robot technology specialist robomotion, have jointly developed a special hygienic gripper for the meat industry: the mechanical two-finger Angled Gripper Type LMG 64.

 

The gripper features a hygienic design that is easy to clean and a payload of 10 kg and a gripping force 350 Newton. The gripper is sealed according to IP69 K standards, and can be used for FDA-approved materials.

 

PIAB

Sweden-based vacuum and measuring technique specialist PIAB has developed COAX, an advanced solution for creating vacuum with compressed air. COAX cartridges are smaller, more efficient and more reliable than conventional ejectors.

 

This allows for the design of a flexible, modular vacuum system. COAX technology is ideal for machine integration in a variety of material handling applications for the packaging, automotive and graphic industries.

 

J.Schmalz

German company Schmalz is another leading company in the area of vacuum handling technology. For the packaging industry, Schmalz has large-area vacuum grippers, the FX/FXC, with an innovative valve concept that is energy efficient even with short cycle times.

 

The grippers are suitable for use in a range of applications, including automated palletizing, depalletizing, commissioning and sorting of many different types of goods in various sizes with only a single gripper. The gripper also is designed for handling of workpieces made of many different materials, such as cardboard, wood, sheet metal (dry) and plastic, with or without apertures.

 

Source: http://www.abb.com/cawp/seitp202/44038416ff2d8490c12573310038cab8.aspx

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