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Baking Soda & vinegar exploding bag!

AWESOME! No other words for this experiment. We all know what’s going to happen, but when. If your bored and have nothing to do then this experiment will add some excitement to your afternoon.   What happens inside the bag is a chemical reaction – the baking soda and the vinegar eventually mix (the paper towel buys you some time, as it’s like a fuse) When they do mix, you create an ACID-BASE reaction and the baking soda and vinegar work together to create a gas, (carbon dioxide) The carbon dioxide starts to fill the bag, and keeps filling the…

Static Electricity with soda can Experiment

First start by rubbing the balloon on wool or your hair or your dogs hair.   When you rub the balloon on your hair, tiny parts of the atoms in your hair, called ELECTRONS, collected on the balloon. These electrons have a NEGATIVE charge. Now that the balloon has a negative charge, it is attracted to things that have a POSITIVE charge.   When you bring the negatively charged balloon near the faucet it is attracted to the POSITIVE force of the water. The attraction is strong enough to actually pull the water towards the balloon as it is flowing!…

Electromagnetic Experiments

Use a cloth or gloves, as the battery will get very warm. Grab the ends of the battery with your gloves or cloth and try to pick up some metal objects.   Now the iron nail has become a magnet. This is really awesome.   Because the electricity flowing through the copper wire it passes through the iron nail. This makes it magnetic, Electromagnetic! When I remove the battery it is not magnetic anymore, this is because electricity is not flowing through the copper wire without the battery.  

Electrostatic Toothpick Experiment

Now I blew up a balloon, and rubbed it across my hair (freshly washed hair works best). Now we have a negatively charged the balloon. You can test your balloon by seeing if it will raise the hairs on your arm, if it can then your ready. If not rub the balloon more on your hair. If you don’t want to rub it on your hair, try your dog they love it.   With my balloon negatively charged and bring it closer to the cup….. The toothpick moves. The positively centered toothpick is attracted to the negatively charged balloon, which…

Static Electricity Butterfly Experiment

What makes the butterfly move its wings? When we rubbed the balloon onto our hair, or carpet the electrons were lost from our hair/carpet and gained by the balloon giving it a static charge. When the negatively charged balloon gets close to the positively charged tissue paper they are attracted to each other, and the pull of attraction is so great that the lightweight tissue paper moves toward the balloon.  

ElectroMagnetic Train Experiment

Safety Note: Neodymium magnets are extremely strong and definitely not for kids who put things in their mouths.   What you need: 18 gauge copper wire, AAA Battery, (6) Neodymium Magnets, 5/8 inch electrically pipe & Wire cutters   We put 3 magnets on each end of the train. The magnets need to be placed on the battery with the poles facing opposite directions. Otherwise, the train will not work.   The coils need to be wrapped pretty closely around the train. I wrapped the wire on a 5/8 inch (1.59 cm) electrically pipe. I used 18 gauge copper wire…

Microwave LIGHT BULB experiment

Materials Light bulb Glass Microwave   Safety Precautions: Perform this experiment with only adult supervision. Do not perform this experiment for longer then 15 seconds. Wear safety goggles.   Place a light bulb in a glass filled halfway with water. Place in the center of the microwave and turn on for no more than 15 seconds. Observer   Explanation: The light bulb will light up when the microwave is turned on! This is possible because the tungsten filament within the light bulb is able to absorb the microwave radiation. AS this filament absorbs energy, it becomes so hot that is…

GELATIN STALAGMITES experiment

Procedure Pour a small pile of unflavored gelatin on the tabletop or plate. Rub a balloon in your hair and bring it near the gelatin.   Explanation The particles of gelatin will arrange themselves in columns resembling stalagmites as the charged balloon is brought near. The gelatin particles are normally neutral, but become temporarily polar when brought near the balloon. The negatively charged balloon repels the negative charges and brings the positive charges closer to the surface of the gelatin particles. The polarity is transmitted to the neighboring particles, until you eventually have a long chain of molecules held together…

FUN-FLY-STICK – Static Electricity experiment

The magic force of the FUN FLY STICK is static electricity. It is the same static electricity that you generate when you rub a balloon on your hair or walk across the carpet. IF you touch someone conductive and get shocked, you know that you had static charge.   The FUN FLY STICK is a portable static electricity generator simply by running a rubber belt over two rollers. The semi-conductive cardboard coupled with the much smaller electrical charge generated by the Fun Fly Stick, eliminates risk of being zapped.   IF you love science like I do, and want to…

Opposites Attract Static Electricity Experiment

PROCEDURE 1) Fill plastic tube with small amount of styrofoam balls. 2) Close end of tube 3) Rub the outside of the plastic tube with the styrofoam balls inside with wool, your hair or something to charge it up for about 15 to 30 seconds.   You should start to see the styrofoam balls jump, dance and then stick to the walls of the plastic tube.   EXPLANATION By rubbing the tube we transferring electrons from the wool cloth to the surface of the plastic tube. The electrons now on the surface of the tube are attracted to the protons…

Copper quarters Experiment

Copper quarters – Using some long pliers, take a quarter and insert it into the flame. You’ll want to rotate it every few seconds to heat it evenly. After about 20 seconds it should be glowing red, to avoid overheating it, you’ll want to remove it at this point.   Immediately drop the quarter into a 100 ml (3.3 oz) beaker filled with roughly 60 ml (2 oz) of Heet. It will begin to boil vigorously and then slow down to almost nothing, only to start boiling again in one short burst.   Watching the process again. Watch how quickly…

One minute Ice cold beer

An important part of chilling beer fast is to maximize how much of the can/bottle’s surface area is in contact with the chilling agent, whether it’s ice, water, or cold air.   Salt-water lets you chill a warm beer really fast — much faster than a freezer. Pour cold water, ice, and salt into the cooler to create a salt-water-ice bath.   The ice will cool the water down and the salt will allow the water temperature to drop below 0°C. The beer will then be fully submersed in sub-zero water, maximizing the surface area in contact.  

Candle powered boat Experiment

You get potential energy that is transformed into kinetic energy and cold air is heated.   The candle heats up air and makes the hot air rise. The rising air pulls in air from the front of the can. This is because the air that has risen has to be replaced with air. The heated air goes out the end of the sail and pushes the can.   The hot air wants to move up because it’s expanding/getting less dense, but when hitting the flap it changes direction and pushes a force on the boat.   Top speed depends on…

Anti Gravity Water Physics magic trick

When you turn over the jar and the index card stays without water pouring out, that is caused by Atmospheric pressure. Atmospheric pressure is the force that holds the index card in place. The card stays on the upside-down jar because the pressure of the air molecules pushing up on the card is greater than the weight of the water pushing down.   When you remove the index card the water stays in the jar because of surface tension. The molecules of water are joined together to form a thin membrane between each tiny opening in the screen.   When…

Gummy Bear Osmosis Experiment

OSMOSIS TERMS Osmosis occurs when liquids flows through a semipermeable membrane allow some things to pass through them — most frequently liquids — but not others.   GUMMY BEAR COMPOSITION Gummy bears are made from gelatin and water, starting as a liquid and cooling into a chewy, gummy solution. This is a result of the presence of gelatins, whose molecules are chain-like and create a solid matrix.   GUMMY BEAR EXPERIMENT: TAP WATER Place the gummy bears in cups of water and set aside. Then discuss hypotheses — what do you think will happen to the gummy bears? The next…

Physics of spins in ice skating experiment

When a figure skater glides into a graceful spin on the ice, she rotates slowly at first, then faster as she tucks in her arms. Often, the skater spins so fast that you might wonder why she doesn’t fall down. This impressive skating technique relies on a physics phenomenon called the conservation of angular momentum. When the skater starts to spin, her arms have their own momentum. As she draws them near to her torso, her body gains some of that momentum, causing her to speed up. You can see angular momentum at work by spinning with a lazy susan….

How to make fast Epsom salt crystals on glass Experiment

When growing Epsom salt crystals, the first step involves dissolving salt in hot water. Hot water is important because the temperature of the water has a direct effect on the amount of salt that can be dissolved in it. Heat increases the amount of space available between molecules and, as a result, hot water will hold more salt than cold water.   Dissolving is not a chemical change either: water is simply pulling the salt atoms apart and not changing the actual salt molecules themselves.   When no more salt can dissolve in water, the solution is considered saturated because…

Self-starting siphon experiment

I stuck on the end of the straw and the liquid will flow upward down the tube under the pull of gravity. Depending what the liquid is it could taste really bad.   When you release your finger the water will rise up and go over the edge and continue to go until the water level is at the same level as the end of the straw inside the glass.   By moving the tube up and down and tapping the other end with your finger it creates pressure difference that causes the liquid to flow from high pressure to…

Ice Cubes Convection Currents Experiment

Convection Currents -The container is filled with room temperature water that I left overnight in the container. I use a blue colored ice cube to resemble cold air and Red hot water to how resemble warm air. Genius! You can see the cold blue ice cube immediately starts sinking to the bottom.   The red warm water rises throws the top and the cold blue ice cubes sinks. Same goes for air!   Convection currents happen within the Earth’s magma, water and air. It can happen in anything that is not solid and has parts that are cooler or warmer…

Bubble in a Bubble experiment

Mixing your bubble solution with Distilled water makes better bubbles. You want a flat and clean surface with no bumps. Then take a small handful of the bubble solution and spread it on the flat surface.   Now dip your pipette into the bubble solution and blow your first bubble. When blowing your second or third bubble always dip the pipette into the solution as far as your can. This will help from posing the first bubble. Let us know in the comments how many bubbles in a bubble you were able to get.   You will notice when blowing…

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