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Demonstration of Stomata on a Leaf Peel

Stoma is a pore found in the epidermis of leaves, stems and all other plant parts found above the ground. Stomata are thus named because they permit the exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the inside of the leaf. Stomata are found on either both sides or on just one side of the leaf. The distribution of stomata varies in different plants. There are more stomata on plant surfaces in conditions like lower atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, moist environments and higher light. In dicot plants the number of stomata is greater on the lower surface than on the upper surface of the leaf. On the other hand, monocot plants have the same number of stomata on both surfaces of the leaf. In the case of floating plants, stomata is found only on the upper epidermis. The major function of stomata is the exchange of gases by taking carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and giving out oxygen that is used by human beings and animals. They help in photosynthesis and transpiration.


This video explains how to prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.


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